Kolektivna potraživanja u slučaju masovne štete

Pokretanje 1st of January 2020, the new law of Minister Dekker will enter into force. The new law implies that citizens and companies who are suffering massive losses, are be able to sue together for compensation of their losses. Mass damage is damage suffered by a large group of victims. Examples of this are physical damages caused by dangerous medicines, financial damage caused by tampering cars or material damage caused by earthquakes as a result of gas production.  From now on, such mass damage can be dealt collectively.

U Holandiji je više godina moguće uspostaviti kolektivnu odgovornost na sudu (kolektivna tužba). Sudac je mogao utvrđivati ​​samo nezakonita djela; za štetu, sve su žrtve morale pokrenuti pojedinačni postupak. U praksi je takav postupak obično složen, dugotrajan i skup. U većini slučajeva, troškovi i vrijeme uključeni u pojedinačni postupak ne nadoknađuju gubitke.

Kolektivna potraživanja u slučaju masovne štete

There is also the possibility of having a collective settlement between an interest group and an accused party, declared universally in court for all victims based on the Collective Mass Claims Settlement Act (WCAM). By means of a collective settlement, an interest group can help a group of victims, for example  reaching a settlement so that they can be compensated for their loss. However, if the party causing the damage does not cooperate, the victims will still be left empty-handed. The victims must then go to court individually  to claim damages based on Article 3:305a of the Dutch Civil Code.

Dolaskom Zakona o nagodbi za masovne tužbe u kolektivnoj akciji (WAMCA) 2020. siječnja XNUMX. mogućnosti kolektivne akcije su proširene. S obzirom na novi zakon, sudija može izreći osudu za kolektivnu odštetu. To znači da se cijeli slučaj može riješiti u jednom zajedničkom postupku. Na ovaj način stranke će dobiti jasnoću. Postupak je zatim pojednostavljen, štedi vrijeme i novac, a također sprečava beskrajne parnice. Na taj način se može naći rješenje za veliku grupu žrtava.

The victims and the parties are often confused and insufficiently informed. This means that the victims do not know which organisations are reliable and what  interest they represent. Based on legal protection of the victims, the conditions for collective action have been tightened up. Not every interest group can just start filing a claim. The internal organisation and finances of such organisation must be in order. Examples of interest groups are Consumers’ Association, association of stockholders and specially established organisations for a collective action.

Napokon će postojati centralni registar za kolektivna potraživanja. Na ovaj način žrtve i (reprezentativne) interesne grupe mogu odlučiti žele li pokrenuti kolektivnu akciju za isti događaj. Savjet za sudstvo bit će nositelj središnjeg registra. Registar će biti dostupan svima.

The settlement of mass claims is exceptionally complex for all parties involved, therefore it’s advisable to have legal support. The team of Law & More ima široku stručnost i iskustvo u rukovanju i praćenju pitanja masovnog potraživanja.

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